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Stroke

When it’s a stroke, don’t delay – Go for medical help right away

Happy-CoupleEvery 45 seconds, someone in the U.S. suffers a stroke! A stroke occurs when the blood supply to your brain is interrupted or severely reduced, cutting off oxygen and food from brain tissue.

Like heart disease, a stroke is a medical emergency in which every instant counts. 

  • Immediate action minimizes brain damage and lessens potential complications.   
  • Failure to take immediate action results in brain cells beginning to die.    
  • Like heart disease, strokes can be treated and prevented. 

Results:

  • Fewer people are permanently disabled or die from stroke.  
    Hundreds of stroke survivors are alive today due to specialty treatment centers, such as the Heart Institute at ARMC.

There are two types of strokes:

  • Ischemic:  The major cause, occurring in 87 percent of stroke victims, is a blocked brain artery resulting in an insufficient supply of blood to the brain
  • Hemorrhagic: Occurs in approximately 13 percent of victims: rupture of brain artery bleeding into or around the brain

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF A STROKE?

  • Stumbling
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Loss of balance
  • Loss of coordination
  • Trouble speaking or being understood
    • Slurring words
    • Explaining your symptoms
  • Paralysis or numbness on one side of your face
  • Paralysis or numbness on one side of your body
  • Trouble with seeing out of one or both eyes

If you or someone around you is experiencing stroke symptoms, dial 9-1-1 immediately.

HOW IS A STROKE TREATED?

Whether ischemic or hemorrhagic, stroke is treated in three stages:

  • Prevention
  • Medication
  • Surgery
  • Rehabilitation

PREVENTION

  • Therapies are based on treating risk factors
    • Medications
    • Surgical intervention
    • Angioplasty
    • Stenting

The type of prevention, intervention therapy, or surgery, depends on the type of stroke and the individual. 

GETTING IMMEDIATE MEDICAL CARE IS CRITICAL.  IT CAN MEAN THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN COMPLETE RECOVERY AND A LIFETIME OF DISABILITY.

ALWAYS DIAL 9-1-1 FOR STROKE SYMPTOMS.

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