Angina is not a heart attack. But if angina pain is severe or prolonged, it can lead to a heart attack.
Cigarette Smoking — Nicotine constricts blood vessels, damages the lining of blood vessels, causes blood to clot more easily.
High Blood Pressure — Damages the lining of blood vessels, promotes plaque build-up in arteries. Good blood pressure control with diet and medication will reduce risk.
High Blood Cholesterol — Damages the lining of blood vessels, deposits inside the wall of the damaged blood vessel lining and forms plaque that narrows the coronary blood vessels.
Use of Stimulant Drugs — Amphetamines and certain illegal drugs such as cocaine and crack cause arteries to contract very strongly and cause blood to clot more easily.
Eating a High-Fat, High-Cholesterol Meal — Causes arteries to contract and blood to clot more easily.
Obesity — Increases risk for diabetes and high blood pressure.
Inactive Lifestyle — Lack of regular physical activity.
Diabetes — Good glucose control may reduce risk.
If you have symptoms that you can’t explain, call 9-1-1!
Note for women: Like men, women most commonly have chest pain or discomfort as a heart attack symptom. But women are somewhat more likely than men to have some of the other common symptoms, particularly shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting, back pain, or jaw pain.
DO NOT DELAY. Fast diagnosis and treatment can prevent or limit the amount of heart damage during a heart attack.
DO NOT GO TO YOUR DOCTOR’S OFFICE OR TO A CLINIC. CALL 9-1-1!
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